Lathing and milling are two types of cutting processes that are used in machining.
Cutting is accomplished through the rotation of a cutting tool, known as the milling cutter head, which is mounted on the rotating shaft. When cutting, the process will employ tools to file the fixed workpiece on an intermittent basis. As a result, it will be able to process the surface of the workpiece into plane and curved surfaces, as well as perform all types of machining such as drilling and grooving on it. The milling cutter head can be classified into three types based on the direction of the spindle of the installation tool: horizontal, vertical, and door type, which has the main body in the shape of a door as its main body. Using tools such as front milling cutters, end milling cutters, and slot milling cutters, machined objects can be transformed into the desired shape. CNC Machining and Fused Deposition Modeling are two manufacturing methods
(1) Universal milling is a type of milling that can be used anywhere.
Universal milling is a type of milling machine that is operated by hand by the operators. As the operator manipulates the relative movement of the tool and the workpiece, he or she must also judge and set the processing conditions such as the tool's position, tool feeding, speed, amount of cutting, and so on. It is capable of performing fine processing that would otherwise be impossible to achieve manually and producing finished products of high quality.
(2) Computer Numerical Control (CNC) Milling
Cutter-controlled milling (CNC) is accomplished by milling machines with the assistance of computer-controlled processing conditions. CNC is an abbreviation for digital control. In the past, tools such as punch cards were used to complete tasks. CNC technology, which allows for CNC machining through the use of the equipment's built-in computer, has become increasingly popular in recent years. NC milling is becoming a more and more popular term to refer to the technology that includes CNC milling. Not only does automatic operation help to save time and money, but it can also be used for machining more complex shapes with 3D CAD / CAM software, which is controlled by the machining program control operation.
(3) Machining center (also known as a lathe)
The CNC milling machine was the inspiration for the development of the machining center. When compared to CNC milling machines, the most significant difference is that the machining center has the capability of automatically exchanging machining tools. Because different types of machining tools are installed on the tool magazine, the machining tools on the spindle can be changed in one clamping by using the automatic tool change device, allowing a variety of machining functions to be accomplished. It is possible to combine successively linear motion and rotary motion with the machining center, and different types of cutting, such as drilling and surface machining, can be carried out continuously to process more complex shapes by using the machining center.
(4) CNC gear cutting and grinding machine
It is possible to realize gear cutting and gear manufacturing of various shapes and applications in daily life, ranging from clocks to automobiles, with the CNC gear processing machine with built-in computer.
Lathing is the second step.
Turning on a lathe is a type of technology that allows you to accomplish machining by filing a cylindrical workpiece with a knife tool known as a turning tool that is fixed to the spindle while rotating the cylindrical workpiece. The outer circumference of a cylindrical workpiece is processed into a circular or sharp shape (cone) using a lathe, which can be achieved through drilling, reaming, and boring, spiral cutting, cutting at the end point after grooving, and other techniques.
(1) Universal lathe (also known as a universal lathe).
The operator manually completes the lathe processing, which includes the tool feeding operation and the tool replacement operation. Fixing the workpiece with a fixture known as a chuck, and then controlling it to rotate at a high rate to achieve machining are two methods of achieving machining. It is possible to process small parts on the workbench with the help of a bench lathe.
(2) Computer numerically controlled lathe
A computer-controlled CNC lathe makes it possible for even complete beginners to complete processing in a high-quality manner. There are also models available that can automatically replace a variety of tools, thereby increasing the overall efficiency of the operation significantly. Machines that process through program control, such as CNC automatic lathes, have gained popularity in recent years.